Plastikowa zagłada. Szokujące odkrycie nad Atlantykiem

Izraelscy naukowcy zaobserwowali, że mikroplastik znajduje się nie tylko w morzach i oceanach, ale także w powietrzu nad nimi. Ponadto może być przenoszony przez wiatr. Badacze próbują znaleźć odpowiedź na pytanie, jak bardzo jest szkodliwy dla środowiska.

Naukowcy z Izraela odkryli, że nad oceanami przez wiele dni mogą unosić się liczne drobiny mikroplastiku. Ostatnio to właśnie mikroplastik jest największym zagrożeniem, gdyż z powodu swojej wielkości przenika do miejsc z pozoru niedostępnych.

– Kilka badań wykazało mikroplastik w atmosferze tuż nad wodą u wybrzeży mórz. Jednak byliśmy zaskoczeni, kiedy znaleźliśmy sporą jego ilość nad pozornie nieskazitelną wodą – oznajmił dr Miri Trainic z wydziału nauk o Ziemi w izraelskim instytucie.

Szczegółowa ekspertyza została opublikowana w czasopiśmie "Communications Earth and Environment". Zespół uczonych z Weizmann Institute of Science zauważył, że mikroplastik przenoszony przez wiatr może przenikać do kolejnych ogniw łańcucha pokarmowego, a w konsekwencji poważnie oddziaływać na ludzkie życie i zdrowie. Zagrożone są także zwierzęta.

Problem jest nam znany od dawna

Wiemy, że mikroplastik od wielu lat jest obecny w oceanach. Najnowsze pomiary Atlantyku odnalazły od 12 do 21 mln ton mikroskopijnych cząstek tworzyw sztucznych. Eksperyment przeprowadzono na ok. 5 proc. powierzchni oceanu co oznacza, że w całym Atlantyku jest ich mniej więcej 200 mln ton.

Wcześniejsze pomiary przewidywały, że w ciągu 65 lat, od 1950 do 2015 r., do Atlantyku dostanie się łącznie od 17 do 47 mln ton tworzyw sztucznych. W rzeczywistości, co można było sądzić po widocznych zmianach klimatycznych, jest ich o wiele więcej.

– Naszym kluczowym odkryciem jest to, że w górnym Atlantyku znajduje się bardzo dużo mikrocząsteczek. Ilość plastiku była wcześniej znacznie niedoszacowana. Musimy odpowiedzieć na podstawowe pytania dotyczące skutków działania tego plastiku, m.in. czy szkodzi on życiu w oceanach – mówiła dla "Guardiana" Katsiaryna Pabortsava z brytyjskiego National Oceanography Centre.

Mikroplastik jest już obecny niemal wszędzie. Niekiedy dryfujące śmieci łączą się w większe skupiska. Przykładem takiego zjawiska jest Wielka Pacyficzna Plama Śmieci dryfująca w północnej części Oceanu Spokojnego.

Autor: 
Mateusz Rymiszewski
Źródło: 

o2.pl theincentive.org

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بازی انفجار یکی از بازی‌های محبوب کازینویی است که در بین <br> <br> کاربران محبوبیت بالایی دارد.<br> <br> <br> <br> برای انجام بازی انفجار باید <br> <br> بهترین سایت را انتخاب کنید و ما به <br> <br> شما در وین شد کمک می‌کنیم تا بهترین سایت بازی انفجار را پیدا کنید.<br> <br> در این مقاله قصد بررسی سایت بازی انفجار تاینی بت - https://winshod.com/tiny-bet-blast-game/ را داریم و مقایسه آن با بازی انفجار سایت چیتا بت، تا آخر این مقاله با وین <br> <br> شد همراه باشید. <br> <br> <br> <br> بازی انفجار تاینی بت چیست؟ <br> <br> ابتدا قبل از بررسی بازی انفجار تاینی <br> <br> بت یک بار با مفهوم بازی انفجار <br> <br> آشنا شویم و آن را برای کاربرانی که تا به حال تجربه بازی انفجار را نداشته اند توضیح دهیم.<br> <br> در این بازی کاربر مبلغی برای شروع <br> <br> شرط در نظر می‌گیرد که با حرکت بالن انفجار از ضریب صفر آغاز می‌شود و کاربر قبل از اتمام ضرایب باید شرط خود را ببندد.<br> <br> بازی انفجار با اسم‌های دیگر نیز ساخته و عرضه شده اند که <br> <br> باعث محبوبیت دو چندان آن شده است.<br> <br> یکی از آن‌ها بازی انفجار زپلین است <br> <br> که تنها فرق آن با بازی انفجار در <br> <br> گرافیک و محیط کاربری آن است که باعث می‌شود <br> <br> تا جذابیت بیشتری برای کاربران <br> <br> داشته باشد. در ضرایب و خود بازی <br> <br> این دو هیچ فرقی ندارند.

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